página 557

 
       
 


 

     

                                                katalisator i enzima
                                   
 

                                    Un katalisator ta un supstansha ku ta aselerá un reakshon.
                                    E katalisator mes no ta kambia.
                                    Mira e videa aki bou. Un waya di platina ta yuda kima gas di amoniak.
                                    Platina ta un katalisator.

 

                                                                   





                                    Refineria Isla ta uza katalisator. E katalisator ta yuda kibra molekül grandi den molekül chikí.
                                    Esaki yama "catalytic cracking". E ta pasa den e instalashon di "catcracker".
                                    Tin biaha e proseso bai robes i tur e katalisator ta bula bai ku bientu. E ta baha manera un puiru blanku.

 

                                    Un ehčmpel:

                                                                   


                                    Ásido karbóniko ta parti den dos otro molekül.
                                    Ora bo habri un bňter di kola e reakshon ta tuma luga, gas ta sali.
                                    Mangel di mčntňs tin un supstansia den dje ku ta aselerá e reakshon.
                                    E supstansia ta un katalisator.
 


                                    reakshon:                           


 




Enzima

                                    Un enzima ta un katalisator den forma di un proteina.
                                    Enzima ta traha dor di organismo. (organismo = kriatura)

                                    Un enzima ta un proteína ku por aselerá un reakshon.
                                    Enzyma ta traha pa organismonan (kos bibu).
                                    Nos kurpa ta dependé di e trabou di enzyma.
                                    Tin enzima den cčl, pafo di sčl i pafo di nos organismo (p.e. den skupi i tripa).
                                    Ta ku enzima den tripa nos ta kibra nos kuminda asina chikí ku e nutrientenan por pasa drenta sanger.

                                                                                     
                                                            E mata ta digerí e muska medio enzima.



                                    Un ehčmpel di akshon di un enzima:

                                    Den higra i múskulo tin suku mara den forma di glycogén.
                                    Ora un persona ta traha e suku mester los for di otro pa por kim'é.
                                    Un enzima ta los e suku. E enzima mes no ta kambia.

                                
                                            promé                                                                                                                                despues


 
                                    Den un organismo e aktividat di e enzima ta reglá. Un enzima por ta blňkiá temporal dor di un molekül kompetitivo.
                                    Hopi tipo di venenu ta aktuá dor di pega duru na un enzima. Asina e enzima no traha mas i e proseso ta stňp.
                                    E organismo ta bira malu ňf asta muri.





                                    pregunta:

                                                  1a  Splika kiko ta un kalalisator.
                                                                ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................
                                                  1b  Duna un éhčmpel di un katalisator.
                                                                ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................


                                                  2    Unda bo ta topa enzima?
                                                                ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................


                                                  3     Venenu por blokia un enzima. Kiko ta e konsekuensia pa e reakshon ku e enzima ta perkurá?
                                                                ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................


                                                  4     E mata di e pňtret aki bou ta digerí un insekto.
                                                         E enzimanan ta paden ňf pafó di su kurpa?                A  paden di su kurpa
                                                                                                                                         B  pafó di su kurpa

                                                                                                     
                                                                                                      fuente i credit: Wikipedia

                                                   5a     Pa kiko e refineria ta uza katalisator?
                                                                ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

                                                 
                                                   b      Tin biaha e proseso ta sali for di man i hopi enzima ta sali bula bai.
                                                           Riba kua barionan tin mas chéns pa e katalisator baha?
                                                                ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................





 

                               

catalysator, catalyst, enzym, enzyme